Orchidaceae  Juss., nom. cons.

pronounced: or-kid-AY-see-eye

the orchid family

The name derives from the Greek ορχις (orchis), a name used for several Mediterranean orchids. The Greek word actually means ‘testicle’, and was used because of the shape of the twin fleshy tuberous roots of those species. This is one of the largest families of flowering plants: it contains more than twice the number of bird species, and about 4 times the number of mammal species. In addition, since tropical species began to be cultivated in the 19th century, horticulturalists have produced more than 100,000 hybrids and cultivars. Orchids are perennial terrestrial, epiphytic, lithophytic or climbing herbs, often with fleshy roots; the stems can be leafy or leafless. sometimes thickened into a pseudobulb and/or bearing aerial roots. The leaves are simple, usually alternate, often distichous; they are often fleshy, sheathing at the base. The flowers vary tremendously from species to species, and the fruit is usually a capsule.

Cattleya Valerie Royston 'San Diego' - Cattleya Orchid

Cymbidium canaliculatum - Black Orchid

Dendrobium crumenatum - Dove Orchid

Dendrobium discolor (syn.) - Golden Orchid

Dendrobium sp. - Dendrobium

Dendrobium teretifolium (syn.) - Pencil Orchid

Dendrochilum cobbianum - Cobb's Dendrochilum

Dockrillia teretifolia - Pencil Orchid

Durabaculum undulatum - Golden Orchid

Epidendrum radicans - Firespike Orchid

Goodyera discolor (syn.) - Jewel Orchid

Haemaria discolor (syn.) - Jewel Orchid

Lc Drumbeat ‘Triumph’ x Blc Sylvia Fry ‘Supreme’

Ludisia discolor var. Dawsoniana - Jewel Orchid

Nervilia holochila - Ribbed Shield Orchid

Phalaenopsis spp. - Moth Orchids

Spathoglottis plicata - Ground Orchid

Vanda sp. - Vanda Orchid

Vanilla planifolia - Vanilla

Photograph © Donald Simpson 2014

Page last updated 27th March 2018







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