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Oleaceae Hoffmanns. & Link, nom. cons.
the olive family
The name of the type genus, Olea, is the Latin name for the olive and for its oil. The plants of this family are woody, mostly trees and shrubs, and a few lianas. Some of the shrubs are scandent, and climb by scrambling into other vegetation. The leaves are almost always opposite, may be simple or pinnately compound, and are without stipules. Their blades are pinnately veined, and the margins can be serrate, dentate or entire. Evergreen species predominate in warm temperate and tropical surroundings, and deciduous species in colder regions. The flowers are most often bisexual, occurring in racemes or panicles. They are often fragrant. There are 2 stamens, inserted in the corolla tube and alternate with the corolla lobes. The stigmas have 2 lobes. There is a compound pistil with 2 carpels, the ovary is superior with 2 locules, and there are usually 2 ovules per locule. The fruit can be a berry, drupe, capsule or samara.
Chionanthus ramiflorus - Northern Native Olive
Fraxinus griffithii - Griffith's Ash
Jaminum adenophyllum - Bluegrape Jasmine
Jasminum didymum var. racemosum - Native Jasmine
Linociera ramiflora (syn.) - Northern Native Olive
Olea europaea - Olive
Illustration by Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen , via Wikimedia Commons
Page last updated 27th March