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Cucurbitaceae Juss., 1789 nom. cons.
the squash family
Cucurbita is the Latin word for a gourd. The Cucurbitaceae are mostly prostrate or climbing herbaceous annuals, commonly having 5-angled stems and coiled spring-like tendrils. The leaves are alternate and usually 5-lobed or divided, with long petioles. They have no stipules. In most species the plants are monoecious, the flowers with 5 petals, the males with up to 5 stamens, often fused or joined in a complex way, and the females usually with 3 carpels, and with an inferior ovary. The fruits are a type of berry called a pepo, large and fleshy, with yellow or orange flesh rich in carotenoids, and usually with a hard rind. The seeds are flattened, and sometimes have wings.
Bryonia palmata (syn.) - Lollipop Climber
Citrullus lanatus - Watermelon
Cucumis melo Reticulatus Group - Rockmelon
Cucumis sativus - Cucumber
Cucurbita moschata - Pumpkin
Cucurbita pepo cv. 'Golden Scallopini' - Pattypan Squash
Cucurbita pepo ssp. pepo - Zucchini
Diplocyclos palmatus - Lollipop Climber
Lagenaria siceraria - Calabash
Sechium edule - Choko
Photograph © Donald Simpson 2010
Page last updated 5th June 2016