Arecaceae  Bercht. & J.Presl, 1820 nom.cons.

pronounced uh-reek-AY-see-eye

the palm family

Arecaceae roundabout at Picnic Bay is named for Areca, the betel nut genus, derived from the Malayalam (South Indian) word adekka. This is the palm family, which is mostly restricted to tropical, sub-tropical and warm temperate climates. Palms are typically characterized by a tall, unbranched stem that can be up to 80 m tall (or, rarely, by a dichotomous branching stem), bearing at the apex a rosette of palmate or pinnate leaves, up to several metres long. Inflorescences are spadix-like, at first enveloped by a spathe or by leaf sheaths opening up at the flowering period. Flowers are usually unisexual; in monoecious species male flowers are borne at the apex and female at the base. The fruit may be either a berry (Phoenix) or a drupe (Cocos). One fertilized locule only carries on developing, while all the others wither, so that the fruit contains only one seed. Pollination is mostly by the wind, so large quantities of pollen are produced. There are some species that have spathes giving off some kind of scent in order to attract pollinators. The Arecaceae include plants of enormous economic importance to man, especially the coconut and the date palm.

Archontophoenix alexandrae - Alexander Palm

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana - Bangalow Palm

Areca tigillaria (syn.) - Nibung

Bismarckia nobilis - Bismark Palm

Carpentaria acuminata - Carpentaria Palm

Caryota mitis - Burmese Fishtail Palm

Chamaedorea glaucifolia - Frosty Palm

Chamaedorea microspadix - Bamboo Palm

Chamaedorea seifrizii - Blue Bamboo Palm

Chrysalidocarpus lutescens (syn.) - Golden Canes

Cocos nucifera - Coconut Palm

Cyrtostachys lakka (syn.) - Lipstick Palm

Cyrtostachys renda - Lipstick Palm

Dypsis decaryi - Triangle Palm

Dypsis lutescens - Golden Canes

Hydriastele sp. - Hydriastele Palm

Hyophorbe lagenicaulis - Bottle Palm

Hyophorbe verschaffeltii - Spindle Palm

Hyphaene thebaica - Doum Palm

Livistona australis - Cabbage Tree Palm

Livistona decipiens (syn.) - Weeping Cabbage Palm

Livistona decora - Weeping Cabbage Palm

Mascarena lagenicaulis (syn.) - Bottle Palm

Neodypsis decaryi (syn.) - Triangle Palm

Oncosperma filamentosum (syn.) - Nebung

Oncosperma tigillarium - Nebung

Phoenix dactylifera - Date Palm

Phoenix roebelenii - Pygmy Date Palm

Phoenix sylvestris - Phoenix Palm

Pritchardia pacifica - Fiji Fan Palm

Rhapis excelsa - Rhapis Palm

Roystonea regia - Royal Cuban Palm

Sabal mexicana - Mexican Palmetto

Sabal palmetto - Sabal Palm

Wodyetia bifurcata - Foxtail Palm

Photograph © Donald Simpson 2005

Page last updated 21st March 2018







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