Solanaceae  Juss., nom. cons.

pronounced: so-lah-NAY-see-eye

the nightshade family

Solanum trumpet-shaped, 5-lobed is the ancient Roman name for the nightshade. These are herbs , shrubs, or small trees, and rarely woody vines. The leaves are alternate, or sometimes sub-opposite, simple to pinnate. Some have solitary flowers, and some have inflorescences that may be of almost any type, the flowers nearly always being bisexual. The calyx is tubular to campanulate, most often 5-lobed. The corolla is campanulate, tubular, infundibuliform, urn-shaped or trumpet-shaped, often with 5 lobes. There are usually 4 or 5 stamens inserted in the corolla tube. The ovary is superior; the style is simple and bears a two-lobed stigma. Pollination is usually by insects. The fruit is a capsule or a berry, usually bilocular, usually with numerous seeds which are often flattened. The family contains many important food plants, such as the potato, the tomato, the capsicum, the chilli and the eggplant, as well as tobacco, deadly nightshade, and a number or garden ornamentals.


Brugmansia arborea - Angel's Trumpet Tree

Brunfelsia australis - Yesterday-Today-Tomorrow

Brunfelsia jamaicensis - Lady of the Night

Calibrachoa X 'White Chimes' - Million Bells

Capsicum annuum - Chilli

Capsicum annuum Bell Pepper group - Green Capsicum

Cestrum nocturnum - Night-blooming Jasmine

Lycopersicon esculentum - alt. name for Tomato

Petunia sp. - Petunia

Physalis minima - Native Gooseberry

Pionandra elliptica (syn.) - Potato Bush

Solandra maxima - Cup of Gold Vine

Solanum americanum - Glossy Nightshade

Solanum dulcamara - Bittersweet

Solanum ellipticum - Potato Bush

Solanum lycopersicum - Tomato

Solanum melongena - Eggplant

Solanum nodiflorum (syn.) - Glossy Nightshade


Photograph © Donald Simpson, taken at Picnic Bay 2011

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